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From The Mayor: New York State Legislature Has Active Session PDF Print Email


By Mary Marvin, Mayor, Village of Bronxville

Oct. 21, 2020: The State Legislature approved a $178 billion 2020-2021 state budget; however, the budget includes language that permits the state budget director to make uniform or targeted reductions to appropriations if the state budget becomes unbalanced because revenues fall below projections or expenditures rise above projections during three different periods: April 1 to April 30, May 1 to June 30 and July 1 to December 31 of the state fiscal year. As a consequence, the small amount of State funding the Village receives is not at all a certainty.

Despite the COVID crisis, the New York State Legislature had a very active session passing bills with many of the more consequential ones relating to law enforcement.

Major Legislative Changes

Repeal of Civil Rights Law 50/A 

Previous law made all personnel records used to evaluate the performance toward continued employment or promotion of police officers, firefighters, paramedics, corrections officers, or peace officers confidential and not subject to inspection or review without the individual’s express written consent or a court order. This legislation also amended New York State Freedom of Information Law, by now subjecting any record created in furtherance of a law -enforcement disciplinary proceeding to be disclosed under FOIL.

The Eric Garner Anti - Chokehold Act

Creates the crime of aggravated strangulation (making it a class C felony) and establishes criminal penalties for a police officer or peace officer who uses a chokehold that causes serious physical injury or death.

Falsely Purposely Summoning a Police Officer

Establishes civil penalties for summoning a police officer or peace officer when there is no reason to believe a crime or offense or imminent threat to person or property is occurring involving a member of a protected class.

Law Enforcement Misconduct Investigative Office

Establishes this office within the Department of Law. The Attorney General’s office will be tasked with receiving and investigating complaints from any source concerning allegations of corruption, fraud, use of excessive force, criminal activity, conflicts of interest, or abuse in municipal police and other law enforcement agencies 

Office of Special Investigations

Establishes this office within the Office of the Attorney General, which will have investigative authority and criminal jurisdiction for any incident involving the death of a person caused by an act or omission by a police officer or a peace officer. Where an investigation concludes that the death or matters relating to the death or investigation of the death involved criminal conduct, the office will be empowered to prosecute any such alleged offender.

Police Weapon Discharge Reporting

Requires a police officer or peace officer, whether on or off duty, who discharges his or her weapon under circumstances where a person could be struck by a bullet to verbally report the incident within six hours and file a written report within 48 hours. 

Recording Law Enforcement Activity

Provides that a person not under arrest or in the custody of a law enforcement official has the right to record police activity and to maintain custody and control of that recording and of any property or instruments used by that person to record such activities.

Medical Response for Arrestees

Affirms an individual’s right to medical and mental health attention while under arrest or otherwise in custody of a police officer. Failure to provide reasonable and good faith medical assistance could result in a cause of action against the officers.

Body Cameras for State Police

Requires that all State police officers wear body cameras while on patrol.

Police Statistics and Transparency

Requires courts to compile and publish data concerning arrests and court proceedings involving low level offenses such as violations and traffic offenses. Such reports will include aggregate demographic information such as race, ethnicity and sex.

Bail Reform Amendments

The State restored to the courts some of the discretion that was lost as part of last year‘s bail reform measures. Specifically, the number of qualifying criminal offenses has been expanded that grant judges the authority to consider setting a monetary bail amount when analyzing a defendant’s likelihood of returning to court for future court appearances.

A further amendment also expands the types of non-monetary conditions a court can impose on a defendant during the pendency of their case.

Amendments to Discovery Reform

This amendment puts in place additional protections against disclosure of witnesses and victim information, including 911 caller information. Specifically, prosecutors may now withhold such information without having to obtain a court order first.

Environmental Protection Fund

The VPF continues to be funded at $300 million, including $39 million for solid waste programs, $89 million for Parks and Recreation, $153 million for open space programs, and $19 million for climate change.

Mother Nature Bond Act

The state budget includes language that establishes a $3 billion bond act, which would require approval via a state wide referendum on November 2020. The $3 million in bond proceeds would be used to preserve and restore the state’s natural resources and reduce the impact of climate change by funding projects to restore natural habitats, protect open spaces, reduce flood risk and improve water quality.

Styrofoam Law

Effective January 1, 2022, the State will impose a ban on the sale, use and distribution of food service containers and loose fill packing that contains Styrofoam and packing peanuts. This ban will preempt all local laws to the contrary.

Manual Election Recounts

The State amended the election law and now requires County Boards of Elections to conduct manual recounts of ballots from any general, special or primary elections, including Village elections, in the following circumstances: where the margin of victory is 20 votes or less; where the margin of victory is 0.5% or less and in a contest where 1 million or more ballots are cast and the margin of victory is less than 5000 votes. The result of the manual recount will supersede the returns filed by the election inspectors where the canvas was initially conducted.


Pictured at top: Mary Marvin

Photos by A. Warner


Editor's note: As a public service, MyhometownBronxville publishes articles from local institutions, officeholders, and individuals. MyhometownBronxville does not fact-check statements therein, and any opinions expressed do not necessarily reflect the thinking of its staff.


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A Thanksgiving turkey.  Photo by A. Warner Nov. 25, 2020: Below is information about upcoming events in and around Bronxville. If you would like to be included, please send...

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Bronxville Overview

Bronxville Overview

Bronxville is a quaint village (one square mile) located just 16 miles north of midtown Manhattan (roughly 30 minutes on the train) and has a population of approximately 6,500. It is known as a premier community with an excellent public school (K-12) and easy access to Manhattan. Bronxville offers many amenities including an attractive business district, a hospital (Lawrence Hospital), public paddle and tennis courts, fine dining at local restaurants, two private country clubs and a community library.

While the earliest settlers of Bronxville date back to the first half of the 18th century, the history of the modern suburb of Bronxville began in 1890 when William Van Duzer Lawrence purchased a farm and commissioned the architect, William A. Bates, to design a planned community of houses for well-known artists and professionals that became a thriving art colony. This community, now called Lawrence Park, is listed on the National register of Historic Places and many of the homes still have artists’ studios. A neighborhood association within Lawrence Park called “The Hilltop Association” keeps this heritage alive with art shows and other events for neighbors.

Bronxville offers many charming neighborhoods as well as a variety of living options for residents including single family homes, town houses, cooperatives and condominiums. One of the chief benefits of living in “the village” is that your children can attend the Bronxville School.

The Bronxville postal zone (10708, known as “Bronxville PO”) includes the village of Bronxville as well as the Chester Heights section of Eastchester, parts of Tuckahoe and the Lawrence Park West, Cedar Knolls, Armour Villa and Longvale sections of Yonkers. Many of these areas have their own distinct character. For instance, the Armour Villa section has many historic homes and even has its own newsletter called “The Villa Voice” which reports on neighborhood news.

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Bronxville Police Department
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Bronxville Fire Deparment

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