Make this your home page

Letters to the Editor

Please type the number 5 below to submit

Sponsored Links

Bronxville Weather

°F | °C
invalid location provided
From the Mayor: The Pyramid of New York State Government PDF Print Email


By Mary C. Marvin, Mayor, Village of Bronxville

Mar. 22, 2017:  With the current discussion of various elections, budgets, and taxing entities, I thought it instructive to review the government pyramid that trickles all the way down to our village board, truly the end of the line!

Our Albany government is headed by the governor and lieutenant governor, who are elected for four-year terms with no term limits. Historically, unlike the office of the mayor of New York City, the governorship is a successful launching point for even higher aspirations. Ten governors have been major party candidates for president and four, Martin Van Buren, Grover Cleveland, Theodore Roosevelt, and Franklin D. Roosevelt, have won the office. Six New York governors have gone on to serve as vice president, and two governors, John Jay and Charles Evan Hughes, served as chief justice of the United States.

The governor presides over a bicameral legislature consisting of 150 assembly members and currently 63 state senators. A senate district varies from two to three times more populous than an assembly district.  Both legislative positions are two-year terms with no limit. The senate alone confirms the governor's appointment of all non-elected state officials and judges.

The senate, which currently holds a slight majority, is led by Republican leader John Flanigan, a 15-year legislator who represents the Nassau County towns of Smith Haven, Brookhaven, and Huntington.

The assembly, which has a Democratic majority, is led by Carl Heastie, a 17-year veteran in office representing the Northeast Bronx, including Williamsbridge and Wakefield. He is the first African American to lead the assembly since its inception in 1777.

When bills are jointly passed by the two houses, the governor has a veto power that can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote.

Bills passed during the last ten days of a legislative session are subject to a special 30-day rule pursuant to which, if the governor takes no action, it constitutes a veto. That is why so many local officials wait with baited breath during that final month to see the possible effects on local governments.

Next in the hierarchical structure is county government. Though the largest and most inclusive local government, it is the most limited in the services it can legally provide. Every New Yorker lives within one of our 62 counties. Scarcely resembling their function at their inception in colonial times, county governments now are largely partners with the state to provide many of the state-mandated services, including Medicaid, other social services, and management of jails and prisoner retention.

They may also provide police services, parks and recreation, community colleges, road and transportation infrastructure, economic development assistance, and coordinated regional response to issues of commonality.

Coincidentally, there are also 62 city governments in New York State ranging in size from New York City at over 8.1 million residents to the City of Sherrill, with a population of just under 3,100. Cities are governed by locally created charters that address their basic organization, including powers, type of legislative bodies, and services rendered directly to its citizens, including public safety and infrastructure.

Following down the pyramid is town government. Established in the late 1700s/early 1800s to carry out general governmental functions on a more local level rather than as a state service, there are currently 932 New York towns, each of which exists in a county. Interestingly, towns in New York are not permitted to provide fire services on a town-wide basis. For this function, special fire protection districts or independent fire boards governed by commissioners must be created.

Villages such as our own and our neighbor, Tuckahoe, must exist within a town. Thus, every citizen of a village also lives in a town and a county.

There are currently 551 villages in New York State, and their size and services vary so greatly that there is no typical village.

The government closest to its citizens, villages very much value Article IX of the New York State Constitution, called the Municipal Home Rule Law, which explicates the constitutional local powers. Home rule in its broadest sense describes those governmental functions traditionally reserved to or performed by local governments without undue infringement by the state. In its more technical sense, home rule refers to the constitutional and statutory powers given to local governments to enact local legislation in order to carry out our local duties.

The above constitutional right is a primary reason why many communities chafe at the imposition of a tax cap and all of its inherent restrictions placed upon local governments by state dicta. 

In the same vein, many communities had reservations about the Affordable Housing Decree, not because of its clearly laudable goals, rather because the federal government wanted to impose a uniform zoning code on all Westchester County communities regardless of community acreage or density.

All of the above layers are the reasons why you receive federal, state, county, town, village, fire district, and school district tax bills, all with varying due dates, penalties, and legal consequences.


From the Mayor: Parking: Searching for Solutions While Taking into Account So Many Variables

News image

By Mary C. Marvin, Mayor, Village of Bronxville Jul. 11, 2018: Village Administrator Jim Palmer and I recently attended a parking seminar sponsored by the Urban Land Institute. Given...

Read more

Financial & Legal Services Directory


D'Arcangelo & Co., LLP
Certified Public Accountants & Consultants

Barbara Greene, CPA,CFP

3000 Westchester Ave.
Purchase, NY 10577-2538


Hymes & Associates, CPA, P.C.

Our firm provides outstanding service to our clients because of our dedication to the three underlying principles of professionalism, responsiveness, and quality.

Listed as one of the 10 largest firms by The Westchester Business Journal, we serve clients throughout the tri-state area. By combining our expertise, experience, and
the energy of our staff, each client receives close, personal and professional attention.

Our high standards, service, and specialized staff spell the difference between our outstanding performance and other firms. We make sure that every client
is served by the expertise of our whole firm.

Hymes & Associates, CPA, P.C.

55 Pondfield Road

Bronxville, NY 10708


914-961-1715 (Fax)



Bertine, Hufnagel, Headley, Zeltner, Drummond & Dohn LLP

Established in 1929, Bertine, Hufnagel is "a general practice law firm, offering clients expertise in both individual and commercial matters." Their broad range of services include the following: Wills, EstatePlanning and Taxation, Probate and Estate Administration, Elder Law, Real Estate (commercial, residential, condominiums and cooperatives), Commercial Law and Transactions, Litigation and Banking Law.

700 White Plains Road
Suite 237
Scarsdale, New York 10583
(914) 472 7700
(914) 472 1946 (fax)

Bosworth, Gray & Fuller
Wills and Probate, Real Estate, Media Law, General Litigation in all courts

J. Rockhill Gray (1920 - 2009)
David Otis Fuller, Jr.
Paul A. Clewell
116 Kraft Avenue
Bronxville, New York 10708
(Tel) 914-337-3626
(Fax) 914-337-3630

Griffin, Coogan, Sulzer & Horgan, P.C.

Attorneys and Counselors at Law

Located in Bronxville, New York, Griffin, Coogan, Sulzer & Horgan, P.C. takes great pride in providing our clients with comprehensive, high quality legal services in a responsive manner. The firm concentrates its practice in real estate law with a primary focus on issues relating to real estate tax litigation (also known as tax certiorari), real estate transactions, valuation law, real property taxation and tax planning and real property tax exemption matters throughout New York State.

The firm serves as general counsel for several local cooperatives and represents clients in various issues relating to wills, trusts and estate planning.

51 Pondfield Road
Bronxville, NY 10708
(914) 961-1300

Suzanne M. Bloomer
Wills, Trusts, Estates and Real Estate

85 Pondfield Road
Bronxville, New York 10708

Nobile, Magarian & DiSalvo LLP

We are hardworking and dedicated attorneys who, combined, have more than 150 years of experience delivering quality legal advice. Our cutting edge is our ability to enter both the conference room and the courtroom with strength. Our law firm provides legal representation and counsel for both individual and business clients on issues related to estate planning and administration, real estate law, litigation, and business lawOur practice areas include: Commercial Litigation, Business Law, Real Estate, Wills, Estate Planning, Trusts, Estate Administration, Living Wills, Health Care Proxies, Powers of Attorney, Not For Profits, and Employment Law.

111 Kraft Avenue

Bronxville, NY 10708


Veneruso, Curto, Schwartz & Curto, LLP

Veneruso, Curto, Schwartz & Curto is dedicated to providing businesses and individuals with exceptional legal services customized to each client's needs and objectives. Practice areas include litigation, real estate, not for profit, wills and estate planning, land use and zoning, business and corporate, cooperative and condominium and real estate tax assessment litigation.

The Hudson Valley Bank Building

35 East Grassy Sprain Road, Suite 400

Yonkers, New York 10710



Peter W. Williamson
Attorney At Law
Trusts & Estates, Elder Law

141 Parkway Road
Bronxville, New York
914-337-3434 (tel)
914-337-3392 (fax)

Financial Services

Aegis Capital
Full Service brokerage firm.  Stocks, bonds and mutual funds.  Specializing in tax free bonds and other income
generating investments.

Steven Ircha
26 Paxton Avenue – 2nd Floor
Bronxville, NY 10708

Ameriprise Financial Services, Inc.

You have dreams and goals, and we'll work together to help put them more within reach. As an advisor living and working in your community, I'm available to work with you in a way that meets your needs.

Michael P. Mazzilli, CFP® ChFC®

Private Wealth Advisor

111 Brook Street, 3rd Floor

Scarsdale, NY 10583

(914) 341-1482 ext. 200

Capital Preservation Partners, Inc.

Your Wealth Made Easier

Local Registered Investment Advisors Who Have Fiduciary Obligations To You, The Client

When you partner with CPP you join your neighbors. We are located in Westchester County, yet are ready to respond to your needs with our 70 years of combined experience. We are always available to answer your questions and concerns. Unlike giant banks and brokerage firms, you will speak to the same advisor who is thoroughly familiar with your portfolio and life circumstances.

SEC registered – Fee only planners – no commissions or hidden fees

Expert Professional Advice from our staff of qualified CFP's, CPA's & Attorney's

Offering Comprehensive Wealth Management, Estate & Financial planning

Capital Preservation Partners, Inc.

55 Pondfield Road

Bronxville, NY 10708


914-961-1715 (Fax)


James Van Metter & Associates

James W. Van Metter, CFP, MBA
Financial Planning & Investment Management
81 Pondfield Road, Suite 4
Bronxville, New York 10708

Call 914-793-1213 or

MDIC Investment Company
Mutual Funds, Stocks & Bonds, Financial & Estate Planning, Investment & Advisory Services, Life & Health Insurance

Daniel S. Macdonald, Jr.
116 Kraft Avenue, Ste. 8
Bronxville, New York 10708
Call 914-793-4095 or call


Auto, Home, Business and Life Insurance

Exclusive Agents:
Debbie M. Stockton
George L. Petronella Jr.

108 Kraft Avenue
Bronxville, New York 10708

John L. Vorbach Company, Inc. Insurance Brokers
Manhattan Media & Technology Center
65 Broadway, 9th Floor
New York, New York 10006
212-294-4900 x 112

MDIC Investment Company
Mutual Funds, Stocks & Bonds, Financial & Estate Planning, Investment & Advisory Services, Life & Health Insurance

Daniel S. Macdonald, Jr.
116 Kraft Avenue, Ste. 8
Bronxville, New York 10708

Palmer-Tanno Agency, Inc.
Independent Insurance Agents since 1948

Greg Tanno
141 Parkway Road, Suite #11
Bronxville, New York 10708

Personal Risk Management Solutions
Focuses solely on personal insurance and
provides unique, customized solutions that save
money and time and create peace of mind.

Linda Graef Jones, Private Client Sales Executive
6 East 43rd Street
New York, New York 10017

Ranieri Insurance Agency
Auto, Home, Business & Life
Over 50 Years' Experience

Paul D. Ranieri, CPCU
457 Palmer Road
Yonkers, NY

The Rollins Agency, Inc.
Insurance and Risk Management Solutions
Since 1910
800 Westchester Ave. Suite N-311
Rye Brook, NY 10573


Financial & Legal Services Recent Articles

Sign Up For Newsletter

MyhometownBroxnville reserves the right to monitor and remove all comments.  For more information on Posting Rules, please review our Rules and Terms of Use, both of which govern the use and access of this site.  Thank you.

The information presented here is for informational purposes only. While every effort has been made to present accurate information, myhometownBronxville, LLC, does not in any way accept responsibility for the accuracy of or consequences from the use of this information herein. We urge all users to independently confirm any information provided herein and consult with an appropriate professional concerning any material issue of fact or law. The views and opinions expressed by the writers, event organizers and advertisers do not necessarily represent those of myhometownBronxville, LLC, its officers, staff or contributors. The use of this website is governed by the Terms of Use . No portion of this publication may be reproduced or redistributed, either in whole or part, without the express written consent of the publisher.

Copyright © 2009, All rights reserved.